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daily 06/20/2016

    • Further into the supermarket, we discovered what may be called the Swiss secret of Parisian saucemakers. An entire row filled with powdered sauces for every sauce known to Escoffier. Swiss-made by Knorr. Ahem. I’ll say all French chefs do not shop here if you concede that there is more to Switzerland than Knorr.
      • How could you visit Rungis? I know 4 ways: 


        1. join a group tour

        3. Hire an official guide

        5. Go with a registered Rungis buyer/seller

        7. Sneak in with chutzpah
        8. Become a registered buyer
    • I am told the fine people at La Marée will get you an entry pass if you prefer to come by car. As far as I know, you don’t need identification or authorisation just to be in Rungis. Ask for a cab to drop you off at La Marée and walk to the Pavillon de la Marée just opposite. There is a big vending machine selling white CSI-like outfits for €2. You need those to enter the halls. The sellers will immediately see you don’t belong. The reason is they know each buyer personally. Just say you are visiting and they should leave you alone.
    • But one cannot visit Rungis. There are no passenger trains or buses, no subways and most taxis won’t drive there. You need a card to enter. Locals are not hugely friendly to outsiders. And Rungis works between midnight and 7 AM. So how did I manage to visit?
    • Most cabs won’t drive to Rungis
    • Over coffee, our guide M. Philippe Bardet, started to explain us how important Rungis was. ‘Rungis sells over €7bn worth of food every year. The market covers 232 hectares. It was moved from les Halles in the 1960s, etc…’ He looked at his watch and suggested we hurry before all the fish was gone.
    • All visits of Rungis start with the Fish Hall as it opens around midnight and closes when all the fish has been sold. By 6h00 most of it is gone, so you need to come as early as possible. But before you can enter any of the food halls, you need to put on a CSI-like white outfit with the ugliest imaginable white hat. Mr Bardet took some out of his car and gave them to us.
    • This shark was already past his prime by 6 AM. Fish mongers buy them so that children passing their stall will ask their mom to buy them fish. Apparently an old and established trick of the trade.
    • Traders from all over Europe come to buy and sell fruits in Rungis. It is much more than a wholesale market for Parisian restaurateurs.
    • The cheese hall has been in steady decline since French supermarkets have decided to increase their cheese offering.
    • look forward to the day that NASA is allowed to use the private sector to get TO SPACE and then NASA does cutting edge stuff IN SPACE. I would say even with Congress trying to pretend it is 1960 we are less than a decade from that day.
    • Nevertheless, Sunday’s launch affirmed a singular, increasingly inescapable fact about the future of spaceflight: reusable rockets represent the future of the aerospace industry. SpaceX has proven that it can safely return large orbital rockets to Earth, both on land and at sea. With Sunday’s flight, Blue Origin has now definitively taken the next step, turning a rocket around and flying it again. Four times.
    • Moreover, this article is not intended to denigrate NASA, which continues to do some amazing, absolutely groundbreaking things. But our space agency does not appear to be the outfit that is going to radically rewrite the rules of launch, colonize space, and spread human settlements onto the Moon, perhaps asteroids, and eventually Mars.
    • but the costs to refurbish the vehicle were immense. Whether the shuttle flew or not in a given year, NASA spent about $2.5 billion annually to keep a standing army of people ready to check heat-shield tiles, build external tanks, maintain launch facilities, and thousands of other tasks.
    • But it is dirt cheap to fly, costing in the “low thousands” of dollars to refurbish between flights. Every bit of it is reusable, except for the inexpensive liquid hydrogen and oxygen propellants. And New Shepard is just the beginning.
    •  Bezos and SpaceX founder Elon Musk have dragged the commerce, banking, and automobile industries into the digital age
    • The advantage of a cheap, reusable, and autonomous vehicle is that its potential failures can be tested dozens of times before people fly in it. On Sunday, Blue Origin tested such a failure, intentionally not deploying one of the capsule’s three parachutes (the vehicle performed fine, as engineers predicted). By contrast, each of the space shuttle’s 135 flights was experimental. The vehicle never flew without humans on it.
    • specially for those of us who subscribe to the Mad Queen theory and want to see Daenerys Targaryen become a ruthless tyrant.
    • Benioff and Weiss are starting to telegraph this development pretty hard, as well giving us our weekly reminder of the continued existence of a bunch of wildfire underneath King’s Landing. HMM!
    • Yara gets the line of the night: “I never demand, but I’m up for anything, really.”
    • “No one can protect me. No one can protect anyone.” (+10).
    • Rickon, who admittedly has not been socialized very well these past few years, does not know to RUN IN A FUCKING ZIG ZAG and is taken down before reaching Jon (+30 to Ramsay).
    • What is the moral of the Jon Snow, Chosen One plotline? Is it that experience with zombies actually isn’t that useful when dealing with bad humans? Is it that sometimes the gods choose complete duds to be their conduits for change? Would Jesus have been a good military strategist? Kind of makes you think, but not really. Anyway, Jon makes it out, after presumably zero bones in his body were crushed and zero of his lungs collapsed. And then: enter the Rohirrim Knights of the Eyrie! With a side of Littlefinger! (+25)
    • See? This is how you win a battle. By keeping your secret huge army a secret until literally the last second and causing thousands of casualties in the interim.
    • Any questions, muthafuckaaaas? Sansa OUT.
    • Wun Wun’s death was very sad. I love Wun Wun! Bring back Wun Wun! Kill Jon Snow!
    • Ramsay tries to shoot Jon, but Jon picks up a Mormont shield (what does it mean???) and blocks every shot.
    • Mozgov first suited up for Cleveland, during a West Coast swing against Golden State.


      “Timo walked in and everybody stood straight up,

    • The cavalier cupid is beside himself with laughter. “If you know girls like you, you don’t need to do the dirty works! So easy. I wish they had it before I got married
    • Over the 7 game championship series (in which Cleveland rallied from a 3-1 deficit – the first team in NBA history to do so), James led all players in points, rebounds, assists, blocks and steals. That’s the first time a single player has led a team in those five categories in NBA Finals history. James averaged a near triple double for the series (29-9-11), played smart defense, and he elevated an inferior supporting cast into NBA champions.
    • The Warriors knew exactly which matchup they wanted, after Kyrie went Steph in Steph’s face to put the Cavaliers up three with less than a minute to play in last night’s mind-blowing Game 7. They didn’t call a timeout to talk about it. They didn’t give Tyronn Lue a chance to make a substitution. They wanted Kevin Love on the floor, guarding Steph, at the top of the key, all by himself.
    • At the end of a humbling series at the end of two mostly lost seasons in Cleveland, he finally seemed to rediscover the rebounding tenacity and sharp basketball mind that, just as much as his shooting range, once upon a time made him a rising star in the NBA.
    • Whatever else may be good or bad about his game, Kevin Love’s cruel fate is to be a splendidly and multiply gifted pro basketball player the contours of whose abilities will always, always, henceforth unto the end of time, make him the guy you want switching onto your star scorer at the top of the key when you need a big bucket in a crucial situation.
    • he just kinda never has had the instincts or disposition for playing basketball way out there in space, where it can be played in all directions and at all speeds by improvisational geniuses with cruel imaginations.
    • At that end of the floor, at least, Kevin Love is an old-fashioned power forward, now and forever a native of the paint.
    • and here’s Kevin Love—Kevin fucking Love!—weight beneath him, feet on the floor, hands up, rotating his hips and closing the gaps and contesting without lunging.
    • For 14 or so of the most harrowing seconds in the history of basketball or television or sports or seconds, battling like hell against everything that is true about himself and about Steph Curry, and hanging in there just long enough to force what amounted to a punt.
    • But damn if I didn’t choke up a little at the sight of this harried, humbled doofus, this neurotic basketcase whose game some idiot described as “the basketball equivalent of a just-adopted shelter dog” not three weeks ago, finding, somehow, the wherewithal to put the clamps on Steph fucking Curry in the biggest basketball moment of his entire goddamn life.
    • The temptation is to say that Kevin Love gave it all he had, but that doesn’t go far enough: He gave it far more than he had. Where did he get it? Who knows. He couldn’t stop Steph one-on-one. Not in a million billion eons. He still can’t. He only did.
      • Appreciative of Augie’s willingness to step down

      • The new baseball coach hire – he’s looking for an experienced collegiate coach, expect a hire in the next two weeks (letting CWS play out)
    • Perrin seems like a sharp, nice guy who certainly loves Texas, but a ceremonial AD who isn’t actively scheming every day to get us out of the Big 12 and to shape our future proactively is an opportunity lost.
    • College baseball is interesting because it’s a minor regional sport with an outsized importance to Texas fans. Absent an Augie at CS-Fullerton candidate, you’re asking established coaches who have created their own fiefdoms to come to Texas or you’re looking at making a young hire with in-state connections and a willingness to bust their ass to bring Texas back to its potential. I personally favor the latter approach, but almost certainly expect the former.
    • Any Big 12 conference expansion is absolutely asinine. We should be looking for an exit, not more dead weight to carry.
    • the more flexible manipular system, famously referred to as “a phalanx with joints”.
    • Troops too much crowded can never fight as they ought, and only embarrass one another
    • And then the triangle or, as it is commonly called, the wedge, a disposition found very serviceable in action. They must be taught to form the circle or orb;
    • the Phalanx has some huge disadvantages, including the fact that is extremely inflexible. The whole advantage of the Phalanx was that it was so hard, so rigid, that you just couldnt break through the front line of spears to reach the men behind.
    • Roman manipular legions
    • The formation is an excellent defensive bloc, and in the tight confines of the Alps we can see why the Swiss used the formation to great success
    • Muskets were very powerful weapons which could inflict massive damage against tightly packed pike formations.
    • Thus, phalanxes of pikemen were utilized to screen the reloading musketeers. These formations became known as “Pike and Shot”, for obvious reasons.
    • Tercios would support each other, but would otherwise operate as little mobile fortresses against the enemy.
    • The Tercio would remain dominant until the creation of the “New Model Army” (as the English called it).
    • the legendary Gustavus Adolphus
    • This was the second death of the Phalanx,
    • But don’t let the endorphins distract you from the grand lesson of this episode, which is that Jon Snow really and truly knows nothing.
    • That suspense largely relied on Jon making like a typical Stark man by putting emotional displays of honor over practical concerns.
    • The result was a big, clear strategy for how to reverse the odds: Let the Boltons make the first attack. Sansa pleaded with Jon to be aware that Ramsay would try to goad him into doing something stupid. Jon said he wouldn’t fall for it.
    • Salvation only came thanks to the sister who he’d ignored, calling upon her frenemy (frenemuncle?), the de factor leader of the Vale.
    • The longbow is a pivotal invention in military history, and here we saw the advantage that its coordinated use gave the Bolton side—an advantage ensured by the fact that they were the ones being charged at and not vice versa.
    • After all, running into a hail of arrows instead of having your soldiers gang up on your last remaining opponent is some Oberyn-level hubris. But the Lord of Light or at least the gods of Thrones ratings needs Jon alive, plausibility be damned.
    • if Baelish wanted to take formal control of the North, he could. Why shouldn’t he, really? He’d be a smarter ruler than Jon.
    • “Battle of the Bastards” moved the narrative forward in very significant ways—it’s been a long while since the Game of Thrones playing board has been so radically reconfigured—and I should have been utterly overjoyed.
    • More ridiculous still, when did the army of House Bolton become such an impossibly disciplined and formidable fighting force, with its impenetrable turtle of shields and lances—the Unsullied of Westeros? The answer is “never.”
    • Why, after all, did Sansa never mention the Knights of the Vale to Jon—even when she was schooling him about underestimating Ramsay?
    • There was no internal logic to her reticence whatsoever. The only explanation was external: We were supposed to think Ramsay might win before he (very quickly) lost.
    • I understand, Chris, why you and others might later judge this episode as the one where Game of Thrones jumped the shark.
    • While it’s possible Sansa (stupidly) chose to wait until the last minute to rush in with the troops from the Vale, it was more plausible that she had stowed away far from the frontlines and was simply hoping that Littlefinger would show up. I figured she didn’t mention his troops to Jon because she couldn’t be sure they’d show up in time (if at all) or that Littlefinger could be trusted. There’s also the fact that she had to go behind Jon’s back to even reach out to Baelish.
    • the Antikythera Mechanism
    • Big enough to determine that the mechanism was, Jones says, something of a “philosopher’s instructional device,” and the text itself was a guide to reading it.
    • The mechanism could also tell you when lunar and solar eclipses would occur, and tracked the timing of the Olympic games.
    • An astonishing level of complexity would have been required to represent astronomical data this way, yet researchers say the mechanism was more of a textbook used for teaching than a computer used for calculating, as it has often been described.
    • Adjusted plus-minus (+/-) rating is an advanced statistical approach to estimating a player�s effect on the game while controlling for the performance of his teammates and opponents.
    • About Box Plus/Minus (BPM)
    • it is NOT a version of Adjusted Plus/Minus, which is a play-by-play regression metric.
    • BPM is a per-100-possession stat, the same scale as Adjusted Plus/Minus: 0.0 is league average, +5 means the player is 5 points better than an average player over 100 possessions (which is about All-NBA level), -2 is replacement level, and -5 is really bad.
    • The greatest seasons of all time by BPM are LeBron James’ 2009 and 2010 seasons, and Michael Jordan’s 1989 tour-de-force. All of those seasons had BPMs between +12.5 and +13.0.
    • The best player by BPM in 2013/14 was LeBron James, at +8.9, just above MVP Kevin Durant’s +8.8. Kevin Love was close behind at +8.3, and Stephen Curry (+7.4) and Chris Paul (+7.4) round out the top five.
    • Anthony Bennett, the surprise 2013 draft number 1 pick, followed with a -7.3.
    • Note: BPM does not take into account playing time – it is purely a rate stat. Thus, Durant playing 79% of available minutes with a +8.8 BPM was overall slightly more valuable than LeBron’s +8.9 BPM for 73% of the available minutes, and both of them were way more valuable than Chris Paul, who missed quite a few games. That playing time aspect is handled by Value over Replacement Player (VORP), which is discussed below.
    • In other words – it is possible to create a better stat than BPM for measuring players, but difficult to make a better one that can also be used historically.
    • Such critical components of defense as positioning, communication, and the other factors that make Kevin Garnett and Tim Duncan elite on defense can’t be captured, unfortunately.
    • In order to create a box-score-based player evaluation metric, some basis for the weights given to each statistic must be chosen.
    • Value over Replacement Player
    • First, they became only the fourth team in NBA history to win a title after replacing its coach mid-season, having ousted David Blatt in favor of Tyronn Lue in January.
    • After accounting for strength of schedule, we find that Lue navigated Cleveland through one of history’s great playoff journeys. If we use pre-series Elo ratings to judge the difficulty of a team’s postseason path and weight its opponent-adjusted scoring margin by the
    • DAX is a functional language, which means the full executed code is contained inside a function.
    • In DAX, functions can contain other, nested functions, conditional statements, and value references.
    • DAX is designed to work with tables, so it has just two primary data types: Numeric and Other. Numeric can include integers, decimals, and currency. Other can include strings and binary objects. This means that if you build your DAX function to work on one type of number, you can be assured that it will work on any other Numeric data.
    • operator overloading
    • There is one data type in particular that you’ll likely be working with a lot in Power BI: DateTime. DateTime is stored as a floating point value with both integer and decimal parts. DateTime can be used accurately for calculations of any time period after March 1, 1900.

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