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daily 07/13/2014

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      Learn a little history behind the offside rule. The offside rule originated in soccer’s early days, in secondary school games; it was introduced to stop lazier players from simply hanging about the goal zone, waiting to take the ball and aim for an easy goal.[2] Under the rules of Eton College (1847), being offside was once known as “sneaking”.[3] Over time, the offside rule has evolved to ensure a good balance of play (at one stage it was so tough that no goals were being scored!); by 1925 FIFA amended the rule so that only two players had to be between the attacker and the goal.[4] In 1990, the rule was amended to help the game flow more freely again, through permitting an attacking player to be level with the second-to-last defending player without being called offside.[5]

      • Understand what offside means. The reasoning behind the offside rule remains fairly much the same as when it was introduced, namely, it is aimed at preventing an attacking player from waiting for the ball close to the goal.[6] In simple terms, being offside occurs when an attacking player goes behind the line of defenders before the ball has been kicked to them. In greater detail, being offside occurs when: 

           

        • The attacking player is in the opponent’s half of the field
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        • The attacking player is closer to the goal line than the last two opponent players (including the goalie) and the ball.
    • Since the sole criteria for being in an offside position is the moment of play (the contact of the pass), players may freely move into an offside position AFTER that contact WITHOUT being considered (or called) offside. Conversely, a player in the offside position on a pass, is STILL offside (and will be called) if that player moves back into an onside position to receive the pass. It’s as if the onside/offside position “freezes” upon contact of a pass. Because of this, attacking players may sprint past the defenders as soon as the ball is played (even though the ball has not arrived yet). This can cause them to be “open” (not defended) when they receive the pass, and yet not be offside.
    • Know when a player is not offside. When the ball is between a player and the goal, then the attacking player cannot be offside. Thus, the player can dribble the ball past the last defender.

    • A player cannot be offside directly from a throw-in.
    • A player cannot be offside directly from a corner-kick.
    • A player cannot be offside directly from a goal-kick.
    • A commonly misunderstood use of the offside rule occurs when the keeper leaves his line on a set piece and there is only one defender on the line. If an attacking player receives the ball behind the keeper then he or she is offside. An example of this rule is the disallowed goal by Carlos Vela for Mexico against South Africa in the 2010 world cup.

Posted from Diigo. The rest of my favorite links are here.

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